What is LED Lighting?
LED refers to the light-emitting diode. Incandescent light bulbs are not efficient while LED lighting products efficiently produce 90% more light. Moreover, LED lighting is a type of lighting that uses Lead-emitting diodes are transform electrical energy into light.
LED bulbs and LED lamps are everywhere from industries, offices, vehicles, homes, and almost any other place. In this article, we would be exploring various things about LED lights and how it affects our daily activities. LED extrusions are available in homes while using LED lights.
Its a device that emits light when an electrical current passes through it. Earlier LED produced only red light, but now the modern age LEDs can produce various different colored light for instance red, blue, green (RCB) light. Due to this millennium technology, it’s is possible that LEDs are producing white light as well.
How does LED lighting work?
The light is created in LEDs by electroluminescence in a semiconductor material. Electroluminescence refers to the phenomenon in which light is produced when an electric field or electric current passes through it. This process takes place when electrons are sent through the material and fill electrons holes.
An electron-hole is present when an atom lacks negatively charged electrons rather has a positively charged electron. To create and control the number of electron holes semiconductor materials such as silicon or germanium are doped.
However, doping refers to the addition of other elements to the semiconductor material for changing its properties. Through doping, a semiconductor can make two separate semiconductors in the same crystal. P-n junction refers to the boundary between the two types.
These junctions basically allow the current to pass through one way, due to which they can used as diodes. P-n junctions are use to make LEDs. When one electron passes through one crystal to other as they fill the electron holes. This technology releases photons i.e. light. This is the procedure in which semiconductor works.
Types of led lighting
Dimmer switches are use with LED lighting. On the contrary, normal dimmer switches which might work with an incandescent bulb don’t usually work with LED lighting and they usually need to be replaced. The only reason behind this is that LED lighting works on lower wattage than other bulbs.
LED Lighting Tubes
LED lighting tubes are mainly manufactured to replace the fluorescent tubes and in some cases, it’s just simply drop-in replacement. Usually, other tube designs need rewiring and new ballast. These basically work by providing a series of smaller LED lights along the length of a tube that are available in the most size that is generally available.
COB refers to Chip on Board which is another new generation LED technology. LED light provides a denser amount of light if compared to SMD or great optics because. It reflects a consistent beam of controlled light. It provides a better lumen to watt ratio which is eventually highly efficient.
Benefits of LED lighting
- Long product life: it is the topmost advantage of LED lights that it has long product life if compared to others bulbs.
- High Durability: LED lights are highly durable rather than glass bulbs as these LED bulbs have no fragile glass, no moving parts, and no filament breakage.
- Energy efficiency: one of the main reasons for migrating to LED lighting is energy efficiency as it conserves electricity in comparison to normal bulbs.
- Design flexibility: the small size of these LEDs allows the designers to make them into shapes and sizes for many applications. This is a perfect combination of form and function.
- LED lights have a low environmental impact as it contains no mercury which makes it easy to dispose of
Drawbacks of LED lighting
- High up-front costs
- Transformer compatibility
- Potential color shift over lamp life
- Performance standardization has not been streamlined
- Overheating can cause reduced lamp life
From this article, you may now have an idea about what is LED lighting. LED lighting has mainly installed due to its high energy efficiency and its enhanced safety. The rises of many energy efficiencies and LED manufacturers have sold these products to buildings and residential homes. Imagine pairing LED lighting together with solar photovoltaic panels. Eventually, it has tremendous benefits.
Energy efficiency is a key feature for the future. We must make conscious decisions about how the consumption of energy and the impacts of disposal of this equipment to ensure we reduce our carbon footprint over time. Becoming energy efficient is just one of the key advantages of going green to save the environment.